Legal framework for the development of carsharing for local authorities and businesses in France

Faced with the current need to rationalize business travel, car-sharing is emerging as a relevant solution, combining economic efficiency and environmental responsibility. For local authorities and businesses alike, carsharing represents an opportunity that is both profitable and environmentally friendly.

However, its implementation requires a clear understanding of the current legal framework. For this reason, this article aims to shed light on the legal provisions established by the State to stimulate and facilitate the growth of carsharing.


Understanding the legislative framework for carsharing

To support the development of carsharing, the French government has introduced specific laws and regulations to meet the challenges of progressive, sustainable mobility. Understanding these texts is crucial for communities and companies wishing to take advantage of this shared mode of transport.

Carsharing laws and regulations

In France, the Loi d’Orientation des Mobilités (LOM), adopted in 2019, plays a central role in defining the legal framework for carsharing. This law promotes new forms of mobility, including carsharing, by introducing measures to facilitate their implementation and regulate their operation. The key points of this law concern the responsibilities of the players involved, particularly in terms of rental contracts, insurance and civil liability.

Specific guidelines for local authorities and businesses

For local authorities, the LOM has introduced directives enabling them to integrate carsharing into their urban mobility policies. For example, they can create dedicated parking areas for car-sharing vehicles, facilitating accessibility for users and the deployment of vehicle fleets.

Similarly, companies have their own set of guidelines, including the obligation to set up a mobility plan for structures with more than 100 employees on a single site, encouraging the use of car-sharing.

Important legal points to consider

In addition to the general legal provisions, it is important to consider the legal aspects specific to carsharing, such as lease agreements. These must specify the rights and obligations of each party, including conditions of use, rates, hours of availability and responsibilities in the event of an accident. Vehicle insurance is also a key aspect, covering both property damage and personal injury that may occur during the rental period.

In short, a well-defined legislative framework is the key to the successful, long-term deployment of carsharing for local authorities and businesses. It guarantees the protection of users, operators and the public alike, while promoting more sustainable and efficient mobility.

Tax and financial incentives

To stimulate the adoption of carsharing, the government has introduced a number of incentives, including tax breaks and subsidies for local authorities and businesses. These financial incentives can play a key role in reducing carsharing implementation costs and encouraging its development.

Incentives for local authorities

Communities that adopt carsharing can benefit from various incentives, such as tax reductions or tax exemptions linked to the implementation of sustainable mobility policies. In addition, the government offers subsidies to support investment in the infrastructure required for carsharing, such as electric charging stations and dedicated parking facilities.

Financial benefits for companies

For companies, carsharing can also be financially advantageous. Not only does this reduce the cost of purchasing and maintaining a fleet of clean vehicles, but some companies may also benefit from tax credits or subsidies to encourage the use of shared vehicles by their employees.

To sum up, these tax and financial incentives create a favorable environment for communities and businesses wishing to adopt carsharing, easing the initial investment and making the switch to this mode of transport more profitable in the long term. With these measures, the French government is demonstrating its commitment to more sustainable and efficient mobility.

Public-private partnerships

Partnerships between public bodies and private companies play an essential role in promoting carsharing. These collaborations enable us to pool resources, combine expertise and maximize the impact of carsharing.

Advantages of public-private partnerships

Sharing resources and skills between public and private entities is one of the main benefits of these collaborations. Public bodies often provide long-term strategic vision, regulatory support and financial resources, while private companies contribute technical expertise, innovation and the ability to respond rapidly to market developments.

Discover the national carsharing barometer published in 2022.

Examples of successful partnerships in France

In France, several examples illustrate the success of these car-sharing partnerships. Among them,

a company specializing in fleet management and shared mobility, has forged relationships with a number of choice partners, including Ornikar, a driver training platform, Total, a major energy player, and the
department of Calvados

These collaborations have led to the introduction of innovative car-sharing services, offering users more flexible and economical mobility. These partnerships demonstrate that combining public and private forces can lead to effective, sustainable carsharing solutions.

The responsibilities of local authorities and companies

In order to guarantee the success and sustainability of carsharing, local authorities and companies have specific responsibilities to assume. Their commitment to meeting these legal obligations is essential to ensure the smooth operation of this mode of transport.

The role of local authorities in carsharing

Local authorities have a crucial role to play in facilitating the deployment of carsharing. They are often responsible for creating dedicated parking areas for car-sharing vehicles, improving accessibility to electric charging stations and implementing support policies to encourage businesses and citizens to adopt car-sharing. These measures help to create an environment conducive to the emergence and development of carsharing in their area.

Corporate responsibilities in carsharing

As for companies, they have a responsibility to put in place clear policies and internal procedures to ensure efficient and safe car-sharing. This can include setting booking rules, managing schedules, ensuring user safety and regular maintenance of shared vehicles. By carrying out these tasks, companies play an active part in the growth of carsharing, while respecting the standards and regulations set by the State.

In summary, the legal framework for carsharing, including fiscal and financial incentives, successful public-private partnerships, and the specific responsibilities of the parties involved, offers significant economic and environmental benefits. The successes of Ornikar, Total, and the Calvados département with OpenFleet attest to the potential of carsharing to cut costs, reduce emissions and improve quality of life. Explore how carsharing can benefit your community or company.